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摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> A multi optical parametric imaging system is introduced and established in order to improve the contrast of object in the fog. A few targets are observed in the fog weather based on the system level radiation model of multi optical parametric imaging and the calibrated model parameters. The results show that the building’s windows can be distinguished clear in the linear polariza-tion, circular polarization and angle of polarization images because of the strong reflected polarization light of the glass; The vehicles in intersection can hardly be seen in the intensity image, and it is fuzzy in degree of linear polarization and angle of polarization image because of the doped polarization information of trees near in fog; The circular polarization image raises the contrast of the vehicles by 20% because the circle polarization of the trees is less in the fog.
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摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> Since discrete multilevel transitions of quantum-dot molecules driven by external electromagnetic fields can exhibit quantum coherence effects, such an optical characteristic can be utilized to control propagation of electromagnetic wave through a quantum-dot molecule dielectric film. Since inner-dot tunneling in quantum-dot molecules can be controlled by a gate voltage, destructive quantum coherence among multilevel transitions in quantum-dot molecule would give rise to EIT (electromagnetically induced transparency). In this report, we shall investigate controllable on- and off-resonance tunneling effects of an incident electromagnetic wave through such a quan-tum-dot-molecule dielectric film, of which the optical response is tuned by the switchable gate voltage. We have found from the theoretical mechanism that a high gate voltage can cause the EIT phenomenon of quan-tum-dot-molecule systems, and under the condition of on-resonance light tunneling through the thin film, the probe field will propagation without loss if the probe frequency detuning is zero. By taking advantage of these effects sensitive to the tunable gate voltage, such quantum coherence would be inte-grated in certain photonic structures, and some devices such as photonic switching and transistors can be designed. Transient evolution of optical characteristics in the quantum-dot-molecule dielectric film (once the tunable gate voltage is turned on or off) is also considered in this report.
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摘要:For non-invasive measurement of blood glucose levels, a measurement system based on mid-infrared, attenuated-total-reflection spectroscopy equipped with hollow optical fibers, a trapezoidal multi-reflection prism, and two fixed-wavelength quantum cascade lasers emitting different wavelengths is proposed. From the absorption spectra of lip mucosa measured by Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry, two wavelengths, 1152 cm-1 for absorption by glucose and 1186 cm-1 for the background, were chosen. To reduce measurement errors, the power distribution on the prism surface was investigated, and it was found that some high-intensity spots appear on the prism surface due to the coherency of the laser beam. This inhomogeneous power distribution causes measurement errors for slight movements of the lip mucosa. To homogenize the intensity distribution on the prism, a lens to excite higher modes in the fiber was introduced, and the incident angle was changed to suppress interference due to back-reflected light. These improvements increased the measurement stability, and in-vivo experiments demonstrated that the measured optical absorption correlates well with blood glucose levels....
摘要:This paper extends the previous experimental work on Planck’s constant h and the vacuum field, whose spectrum is determined by h. In particular it adds additional experimental evidence supporting temporal and spatial variations in the vacuum field, including the Sun as a source at 13 sigmas of certainty. The vacuum field has long been a mystery of physics, having enormous theoretical intensity set by Planck’s constant h and yet no obvious physical effect. Hendrick Casimir first proposed that this form of E & M radiation was real in 1948 and suggested an experiment to verify its existence. Over 50 experiments since then have confirmed that this vacuum radiation is real, is a form of electro-magnetic radiation, and varies in time and space over 10:1 in our laboratory compared to its standard QM spectrum. Two other authors have found the fine structure constant α (proportional to 1/h) is varying across the cosmos at up to 4.2 sigma certainty. All these results suggest that the vacuum field (and thus h) varies in time and space. In a previous paper we reported our tunnel diode experimental results as well as the results of six other organizations (including German, Russian and US national labs).The six organizations reported sinusoidal annual variations of 1000 - 3000 ppm (peak-to-valley) in the decay rates of 8 radionuclides over a 20-year span, including beta decay (weak interaction) and alpha decay (strong interaction). All decay rates peaked in January-February and minimized in July-August without any candidate cause suggested. We confirmed that Planck’s constant was the cause by verifying similar variations in Esaki tunnel diode current, which is purely electromagnetic. The combined data from previous strong and weak decays plus our own E & M tunnel data showed similar magnitude and time phasing for strong, weak and E & M interactions, except that the tunnel diode temporal variations were 180 deg out of phase—as we predicted. The logic for this 180 deg phase shift was straight forward. Radioactive decay and electron tunneling both have h in the denominator of the tunneling exponent, but tunnel diodes also have h2 in the numerator of the exponent due to the size of atoms being proportional to h2. This extra h2 makes the exponent proportional to h for electron tunneling instead of proportional to 1/h for strong and weak decay—shifting the annual oscillation for E & M tunnel current by 180 deg. Radioactive decay had a maximum around January-February of each year and a minimum around July-August of each year. Tunnel current (the equivalent to radioactive decay rate) had the opposite—a minimum around January of each year and a maximum around July of each year. This predicted and observed sign flip in the temporal variations between radioactive decay and electron tunneling provides strong evidence that h variations across the Earth’s orbit are the cause of these annual cycles. In this paper we take the next step by ...
摘要:We have presented a comparison between the universe and the Laser. In many ways, the physics of laser and the universe are analogous. The root of the analogy is the fact that both laser and early universe depend completely on the quantum nature. We have also presented a simple analogous example of the growth of a flower at successive stages of development and shown how the arrow of time may be represented in these cases....
[期刊论文] Xu Gao Peiji Guo
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2019年 08期
摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> This paper introduces the basic principle of stripe reflection method and proposes an improved algorithm on the traditional Southwell gradient iterative integration algorithm. The algorithm adds a coefficient value with an attenuation factor to the compensation height value and the value of the attenuation factor is changed by the determination of the compensation height threshold. Through computer simulation, the fitting error of the reconstructed surface show that the RMS of the new method is one order of magnitude better than the traditional algorithm and the PV value of the high frequency part is about 1/15 of the traditional algorithm. It is proved that the improved algorithm can effectively improve the convergence and noise resistance of the iterative algorithm.
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摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> We propose a novel dynamic two-ring-two-bus system to achieve photon storage. We have demonstrated numerically that the photon can be stopped and released by tuning the ring coupled to two buses in a short time. The two-ring-two-bus system is fabricated on the silicon-on-insulator platform, with the Q factor changing significantly when shifting one resonance. Due to the flexibility and simplicity, it is a promising candidate for the future optical storage and buffering device.
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摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> MACE (Metal-Assisted Chemical Etching) approach has drawn a lot of attentions due to its ability to create highly light-absorptive silicon surface. This method can generate numerous cylindrical shape microstructure on the surface of silicon like a forest, which is called “silicon nanowires arrays”. This structure can dramatically suppress both reflection and transmission at the wavelength range from 400 nm to near-infrared 1800 nm by increasing the propagation path of light. In this paper, ordered silicon nanowires arrays with a large area are prepared by wet chemical etching. It is demonstrated that the SiNWs (Silicon nanowires) arrays with different morphologies can be fabricated from monocrystalline silicon of a given orientation by changing silver-plating time. Excellent anti-reflection performance in broadband wavelengths and incident angle is obtained. The fabrication method and potential application of such SiNWs in the field of photoelectric detection have great value and can provide reference for further research in this field.
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摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> The fundamental measurement of space gravitational wave detection is to monitor the relative motion between pairs of freely falling test masses using heterodyne laser interferometry to a precision of 10 pm. The masses under test are millions of kilometers apart. The inter-spacecraft laser interferometry telescope deliver laser efficiently from one spacecraft to another. It is an important component of the gravitational wave detection observatory. It needs to meet the requirements of large compression ratio, high image quality and extraordinary stray light suppression ability. Based on the primary aberration theory, the method of the large compression ratio off-axis four-mirror optical system design is explored. After optimization, the system has an entrance pupil of 200 mm, compression ratio of 40 times, scientific field of view (FOV) of ±8 μrad. To facilitate suppressing the stray light and delivering the laser beam to the back-end scientific interferometers, the intermediate images and the real exit pupils are spatially available. Over the full FOV, the maximum root mean square (RMS) wavefront error is less than 0.007λ, PV value is less than 0.03λ = 1064 nm). The image quality is approached to the diffraction-limit. The TTL noise caused by the wavefront error of the telescope is analyzed. The TTL noise in the image space of 300 μrad range is less than 1 × 10-10 m whose slope is lower than 0.6 μm/rad, which is under the noise budget of the laser interferometer space antenna (LISA), satisfying the requirements of space gravitational wave detection.
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摘要:This paper investigates the electromagnetic transmission through the sub-wavelength slot model on a metal film for TM- and TE-polarized light. The influence of several parameters such as the slot width, the metal film thickness and the polarization of the incident field is investigated using FDTD method. The FDTD simulation’s results have shown that the sub-wavelength slot in the metal films has extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) properties for TM-polarized light. The EOT has been observed as being symmetrically punctured and characterized by the appearance of a series of transmission peaks and dips in the transmission field. By varying the slot thickness we have investigated the effect of the Fabry-Pérot like resonance in the sub wavelength slot. This component can be a key element in many applications. High-spatial-resolution imaging and information and communications technologies and sensing with high spectral and spatial precision, enhanced solar cells, efficient optical sources and detectors, disease treatment, are such examples....
摘要:One of the difficulties encountered in the study of dusty plasmas is related to the knowledge of the size of the dust particles present. A variety of sources, physical and chemical mechanisms of formation, causes a wide variety of sizes and morphologies of dust. The diameter of a dust will not be unique but spread over several orders of magnitude. Its distribution in number, surface, mass or volume is called distribution. It is important to know this distribution in particle size because it strongly impacts the physical and radiative processes. To have a dust distribution in situ is very difficult; the reverse method can identify the particle populations from light extinction measures. In this study, we present an inversion procedure with a Tikhonov regularization dedicated to the determination of volume size distribution (V-PSD) from extinction measurements corresponding to the different wavelengths obtained by the Extinction Spectrometry technique....
摘要:Calibration and characterization of focal plane hyperspectral imaging systems play an important role in natural scene imagery. Illumination plays a major role during imaging, as both the camera and electronically tunable filter may suffer low transmission at the ends of the visible spectrum, resulting in a low signal to noise ratio. It is important that the spectral characteristics of the imaging system as well as its geometric properties be well characterized and its radiometric performance known. The aim of this article is to identify the main sources of errors in a common design of focal-plane hyperspectral imaging system and devise ways of compensating for these errors. Calibration and characterization of a focal-plane hyperspectral imaging system include nominal wavelength accuracy analysis. This was carried out by capturing images of a mercury vapour lamp to study principal emission lines in the visible spectrum. The linearity of the hyperspectral imaging system was investigated by recording an input-output function. This was accomplished by comparing signals captured by the hyperspectral imaging system and luminance data recorded using a luminance meter. System noise characterization was done by repeated acquisitions of dark noise images captured under identical conditions. Main meridian analysis was accomplished by obtaining sample edge patches from the centre and near-boundary of hyperspectral image and then constructing edge and line spread functions. The final test image analysis involved verifying system calibration, image correction and compensation algorithms. Results show that with proper calibration and characterization of imaging systems, high quality images are obtained and can be used for research works which include hyperspectral image registration and hyperspectral image recognition for natural scenes....
摘要:Young’s double-slit experiment shows characteristics of light that are modeled as indicating a wave nature of light. Other experiments suggest a particle model of light. An experiment is performed with the Fraunhofer pattern from a first mask impinging on a transparent second mask with a slit. The screen pattern is an interference pattern such as produced in Young’s Experiment. An opaque strip between the first and second mask blocks the light of the center maxima from the first mask. The screen interference fringes remained. Moving the glass mask so the slit is removed from light shows the necessity of a slit in the second mask. This suggests a Newtonian type of light model. This experiment rejects the wave models of light....
[期刊论文] Wei-Xing Xu
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2019年 05期
摘要:In this work we studied the behavior of hydrogen atom under different potential well and found that with decreasing the distance between the electron and proton, the more multiple interaction terms start to take effect and the potential well becomes more and more sensitive to the distance between the electron and proton. Based on these results, the potential well for the neutron decaying is determined. Furthermore, the general topics, such as the origin of nuclear energy, the fundamental forces in the nature and the matter with negative mass, also are discussed. At the end of this work, the duality model of our universe is put forth....
摘要:We developed high-speed time-domain (TD) en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) system using KTN optical beam deflector. The KTN optical beam deflector operates at a high repetition rate of 200 kHz with a fairly large beam deflection angle. We proposed a high-speed en face OCT system that used a KTN optical deflector as the sample beam scanning. In the experiment, we obtained en face OCT images of human fingerprint with a frame rate of 800 fps, which is the fastest speed obtained by a TD-OCT imaging. Furthermore, a 3D-OCT image was also obtained at 0.2 s (=5 volumes/s) by our imaging system....
摘要:The ideal behavior of communication system requires a single frequency carrier. In optical communication system, light is used as a carrier. Practical laser source has a finite linewidth due to variations in the frequency of operation, hence, resulting in undesired phase perturbations in the signal whereas the ideal requirement is the delta function spectral shape at the carrier frequency. The spectral shape gets broadened due to phase noise and is modeled as lorentzian shape. Linewidth is a measure of stability of laser phase noise with time. Coherent Optical Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (CO-OFDM) along with the spectrally efficient Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) formats is emerging as one of the best solutions for future high speed fiber transmission systems. Though the coherent, receivers have advantages in terms of sensitivity and selectivity, laser phase noise is the main limitation of such systems as the laser phase noise further causes common phase rotation of all the subcarriers per symbol and also results in inter carrier interference. QAM formats are also susceptible to laser phase noise. Phase noise in coherent systems is governed by laser linewidth. Hence, it is very important to investigate the impact of laser linewidth in CO-OFDM systems. This paper investigates the tolerable laser linewidths for different QAM formats in a 40 Gbps COOFDM system....
摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> style="line-height:1.5;">Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) technique is a nondestructive optical detection technology based on low-coherence interferometer and it has become an attractive cultural heritage research method. A 1310 nm source spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer and optical spectrum analyzer is proposed and demonstrated for Chinese cultural heritage research. The cross-section OCT images of Chinese pigment samples and jadeite samples can provide a lot of valuable microstructure information for the Chinese cultural heritage research and identification works.
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摘要:SiGe offers a low-cost alternative to conventional infrared sensor material systems such as InGaAs, InSb, and HgCdTe for developing near-infrared (NIR) photodetector devices that do not require cooling and can operate with relatively low dark current. As a result of the significant difference in thermal expansion coefficients between germanium (Ge) and silicon (Si), tensile strain incorporated into SiGe detector devices through specialized growth processes can extend their NIR wavelength range of operation. We have utilized high throughput, large-area complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology to fabricate Ge based p-i-n (PIN) detector devices on 300 mm Si wafers. The two-step device fabrication process, designed to effectively reduce the density of defects and dislocations arising during deposition that form recombination centers which can result in higher dark current, involves low temperature epitaxial deposition of Ge to form a thin p+ seed layer, followed by higher temperature deposition of a thicker Ge intrinsic layer. Phosphorus was then ion-implanted to create devices with n+ regions of various doping concentrations. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) has been utilized to determine the doping profiles and material compositions of the layers. In addition, electrical characterization of the I-V photoresponse of different devices from the same wafer with various n+ region doping concentrations has demonstrated low dark current levels (down to below 1 nA at -1 V bias) and comparatively high photocurrent at reverse biases, with optimal response for doping concentration of 5 × 1019 cm-3....
摘要:In order to investigate the effect of the pressure buffer gas and frequency on the output power, a copper vapor laser with active medium length of 60 cm and bore of 16 mm has been operated and optimized using air as a buffer gas. The observed oscillatory behavior of the output power versus frequency is in good agreement with the previous reports. The measured results show the maximum output power of ~1.6W at the optimum pressure of 3.8 torr and frequency of 17 kHz. Abundance of the air and reduction of the system volume due to elimination of the gas handling system as well as the economically benefits are the advantages of the employing air as a buffer gas in the copper vapor laser operation....
摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> style="line-height:1.5;">Nickel Oxide (NiO) is an important transition metal oxide with cubic lattice structure. Among the magnetic nanoparticles, fabrication of nickel nanoparticles is often more difficult than that of the other particles. This is because they are easily oxidized. To achieve pure nickel nanocrystals, numerous methods have been conducted in organic environments in order to prevent formation of hydroxide or oxidation. In the present work, we report the synthesis of NiO nanoparticles. Magnetic properties of NiO nanoparticles with different sizes and at different temperatures are compared. The phase structures, particle sizes and magnetic properties of NiO nanoparticles have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, TEM images and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). We collected the experimental data reported in the literature, for the same conditions, and after fitting, extrapolating and doing some calculations. The magnetization for smaller nanoparticles is bigger for the samples we consider here. This difference could be explained by the difference of surface volume ratio of nanoparticle which shows the contribution of the paramagnetic surface is more important with respect to the anti-ferromagnetism of the core for smaller particles. Also the nanoparticle at lower temperatures shows bigger magnetization.
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