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[期刊论文] Xuan Wu
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2018年 4期
摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> Non-profit organizations’ policy advocacy is an important force in promoting the scientification and democratization of public policies in China. However, in the overall structure of a strong government and a weak society in China, many problems exist in the process of public policy advocacy by NPOs. There is an urgent need to select typical cases to tap valuable local experiences. By combing the development history and major policy advocacy activities of Friends of Nature since its founding in 1994, this paper analyzes the effective ways for non-profit organizations to participate in policy advocacy. At the level of government, policy making should be more open and acceptable. At the level of non-profit organizations, efforts should be made to improve the political legitimacy, administrative legitimacy and internal legitimacy of non-profit organizations while enhancing the level of specialization, efficiently integrating the resources of all parties and exploring diversified ways of advocating.
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摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> style="font-size:12px;">This paper observes and researches the relations between symbolic unicorn representation in Ridley Scott’s movies Blade Runner and Legend comparing it to the medieval bestiary descriptions and representations. The goal in this research is to determine is Scott’s imagery different from the medieval one and authors tend to research and compare that relation in this analysis. In the art of film, the unicorn most often makes its appearance as an objectively presented mythic animal, and, as such, represents the specific symbols with which it is attributed. The English film director Ridley Scott uses the motif of the Unicorn in order to expand semantic value. Scott’s cinema unicorns are very similar to those in medieval bestiaries and representations, yet there are nuances in meaning which propose the specifics of this unicorn motif in contemporary representation in relation to medieval bestiaries. In the film Blade Runner (1982), the explicit symbolic and metaphorical value of the unicorn can be observed, and this can also be found (in an even more intense form) in the film Legend (1985) in which the semantic component is clearly defined by medieval bestiaries and medieval representations. The director’s relationship towards this mythic animal is a reflection of his artistic approach to film, which will be investigated here in the context of the author’s specifics within the film industry.
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[期刊论文] Jie Xiong
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2018年 4期
摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> We study the living arrangements and consequences for depression of the elderly in China using data from the CHARLS in 2013 and 2015. It uses pooled regression and Two-way FE model to analyze the depression of elderly between different living arrangements. We study people in the sample age sixty and older, find that different living arrangements affect life depression of elderly, and compared to living with one or more grown children, elderly respondents living nearby grown children have least depression, especially in the same village or neighborhood. We believe that with the development and progress of society, elderly living with their children will not make the elderly more satisfied with their lives.
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摘要:Social stratification refers to the hierarchical arrangement of individual and groups in society according to certain important attributes which are decided by the concerned society. Development by itself is an evolutionary process but of late this process is initiated by governments, NGOs, professionals, media and sometimes stray individuals. In this paper we have tried to understand the impact of state-sponsored developmental initiatives in the form of formal legislations, industrial urbanization and agricultural modernization on different segments of the populace in western Odisha, India. Besides the use of published sources and folklores, the study has used data collected first hand from six different types of villages to underhand the changing pattern of stratification in a spatio-temporal context. It was found that despite the communication revolution and post-independent development initiatives the cultural rigidity is very much there and there has not been much of structural differentiation as well....
[期刊论文] Honghui Zhao
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2017年 11期
摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> style="line-height:1.5;">In current work on semiotic theory, Kristeva is the first to use the concept of intertextuality to refer to the existence of prior discourse as a precondition for the act of signifying, almost regardless of the semantic context of a given text. Introducing the notion of intertextuality into translation studies is of vital importance. In many cases, the connotative meaning and the overall intention of the author is detected in the process of referring to other closely related texts. Only when the translator is appreciative of such intertextual inferences can he/she fully understand the intended meaning of a given text and then produce a good translated version. This paper discusses the influence of intertextuality on translation at the micro-level by analyzing some intertextual references in literary works and proposes several translation strategies.
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摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> The present study aimed to investigate the effect of designing a blended learning environment on achievement and deep learning of the Arabian Gulf university students in a design and presentation of instructional materials’ graduate course. A blended learning environment was designed to provide opportunity for integrating the learning management system “moodle” with face-to-face classroom interaction. To investigate research questions, a quasi experimental design was used. The study sample consisted of 19 male and female graduate students pursuing their studies at the “Distance Teaching and Training Program” in the College of Graduate Studies during the first semester of the academic year 2015/2016. To explore the extent to which students learnt the course content, an achievement test was used. A deep learning scale was also used to investigate the depth of learning acquired by students who studied the course content through the blended learning environment. Results of the study showed that students’ scores on the post application of the achievement test were improved. No statistically significant differences were found between students’ mean scores in the pre and post applications of the depth of learning scale. However, mean of students’ scores in the post application of the depth of learning scale (65.3750) was noticed to be slightly higher than that of the pre application (63.1250). Such higher mean might represent slight improvement in the depth of learning among students.
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Blended Learning Environment Achievement Deep Learning Arabian Gulf University
摘要:The Russia-Ukraine conflict is the most serious test of European security in the 21st century and the forgone conclusion is that Russia can easily prevail in the conflict, but this has not been the case. This article uses a contingency theory approach to report findings on the riddle why Russia has not easily defeated Ukraine. I report findings based on a contingency theoretical perspective that indicates Russian victory is unlikely because of negative contingencies having direct impact on the Russian economy including a sharp reduction in the value of the Russian ruble, the potential for political loss of support of the middle class for President Putin, diplomatic and political isolation and danger of escalation of the war, affecting Russia to a greater degree than the Ukraine....
摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> Objective: The main purpose of this study was to create a Japanese version of the exercise motivation for health scale (EMHS) and examine its psychometric validation. Methods: In study 1, participants were 532 Japanese residents (M = 42.82 ± 13.29, 275 males 257 females). A questionnaire (29 items) modified from the motivation for regulation of eating behavior scale (REBS) was completed. In study 2, participants were 679 (M = 42.82 ± 13.29, 296 males and 383 females aged between 20 - 85) Japanese residents. Well-being, social support, and stage of change in transtheoretical model (TTM) were used as criterion to test the validity of EMHS. Results: Study 1 reported that the principal component analysis (PCA) of the EMHS revealed good construct validity. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of the 6 subscales ranged from 0.77 to 0.89. Study 2 indicated convergent and discriminant validity on relationship between well-being and stage of change. A relatively high compatibility (GFI = 0.91, AGFI = 0.87, CFI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.08) was observed. Two significant differences between gender groups were found in the sample, a higher autonomous regulation on women, and a higher amotivation on men. Conclusion: The results suggested that the Japanese version of EMHS is reliable and valid, and can be used as a tool for measuring the motivation to exercise for health.
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Motivation Exercise Health Scale
摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> Personality disorder characteristics can be a complicating factor among people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Persons exhibiting such features are associated with risk for violence and service instability. The purpose of this paper was to study an evaluative tool for personality disorders in people with ID and mental health disorders in community-based services. A new staff-rated instrument, the Personality Disorder Characteristics Checklist (PDCC; Taylor & Novaco, 2013) href="#ref1">[1], was used. This tool is designed to screen for ICD-10 dissocial and emotionally unstable personality traits. In the study, the instrument was assessed for both its reliability and validity. Fifty-two randomly selected patients with ID in the specialist habilitation services in Norway were scored on the PDSS. The male/female proportion was 30/22 and the mean age was 36.8 (SD = 13.4). The internal consistency of the PDCC was found to be very good. Supportive evidence for concurrent and discriminant validity was obtained in conjunction with other relevant staff-rated instruments. There were twenty-three patients who screened above cut-off for the diagnostic criteria of a personality disorder and two patients previously diagnosed with personality disorder. This demonstrates that such disorders are present in people with ID. It also suggests that such characteristics may have been neglected in the past in providing services to this population.
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Personality Disorder Intellectual Disability Community Services
[期刊论文] Feng Zou
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2019年 10期
摘要: style="text-align:justify;"> In China, the participation of NGOs in preschool education stems from government failures and market failures. Preschool education provided by government and private enterprises faces many dilemmas. In terms of value orientation, NGOs agree with preschool education. NGOs can participate in preschool education as the main body of supervision and propaganda, the main body of social education, the main body of education value maintenance and preschool education institution provider. At present, there are many difficulties in the participation of NGOs in preschool education, and corresponding measures need to be taken.
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[期刊论文] Zibiao Cheng
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2019年 10期
摘要:This paper selects 15 rural tourism concepts for comparative study, and finds that the concept of rural tourism evolves with the development of the times. Based on the analysis of the characteristics of the new era, the concept of rural tourism in the new era is put forward. Finally, the connotation of rural tourism in the era is analyzed. It is believed that rural tourism in the new era has connotations of peasant-led, source-protecting quality of planning and developing, rural cultural self-confidence, coordination and sharing, etc....
摘要:In the early-childhood care sector, the occupation of home-based childcare providers is especially subject to the familialist paradigm that assigns women from modest backgrounds with little formal education to this almost exclusively feminine line of work. This study focuses more specifically on home-based childcare providers working in rural and suburban areas, spaces that are marked by isolation and a lack of interlocutors. There are many limitations to the occupation’s professionalization model (Aballéa, 2005; Alberola, 2009). After providing an overview of the institutional norm of nursery school as it contrasts with the informal situation of home-based childcare, analysis shifts to three obstacles to expressing demand for training that are indices of low professionalization: the place and space of work, little social and familial arrangements, and work skills. Finally, in counterpoint, the article explores the role of the employment contract with parents in formalizing a feminine occupation that is still seen as a customary familial service (Dupraz, 2008)....
摘要:As a non-intellectual factor, Mathematics Adversity Quotient plays a crucial role in students’ learning of mathematics. This study adopts the modified mathematics adversity quotient table measuring left-behind and non-left-behind students’ Adversity Quotient in Chetian Minority Junior High School in Ziyuan, Guilin, Guangxi. It is found that the mathematics Adversity Quotient of non-left-behind junior high school students is generally higher than that of left-behind students, so there is a significant difference between them. Based on this situation, questionnaire survey and in-depth interview are adopted to explore the factors affecting the Adversity Quotient of left-behind junior high school students. Finally, it is concluded that home-school communication, teachers’ and parents’ care in school education have a significant influence on student’s Mathematics Adversity Quotient....
摘要:Cooperatives and joint-stock companies in China and Western countries can form synergetic relations in theory and practice. The new farmer cooperatives in China also introduce the factors of shares, which need to make a theoretical interpretation. This paper reviews the theoretical research on cooperative system and shareholding system in academia, discusses the specific reasons for the integration of share factors into new farmer cooperatives, explains the symbiotic relationship between cooperatives and joint-stock companies, and demonstrates the history of mutual penetration of share factors and cooperation factors in Chinese and Western cooperatives, then analyzes the necessary and sufficient conditions for the symbiosis of cooperatives and joint-stock companies. Finally, it summarizes the symbiosis model of cooperatives and joint-stock companies at present, and provides the optimal design of its symbiosis mechanism....
摘要:After the enormous advancement of urbanization from the past 30 years, the functional and environmental quality of a large number of existing residential buildings poses a serious challenge to the sustainability of urban living. It is of great significance to retrofit the existing residential buildings in order to improve the living quality. However, due to complexity of residential issues, retrofitting of existing residential areas is not only some simple revising and reconstructing projects of residential buildings and environments, but also multidimensional and interdisciplinary theoretic research and engineering practices. Thus, this research study, taking the residential buildings built between 1980 and 2000 in Northeast China as the research objects, attempts to systematically put forward a regenerative method that offers an overall sustainable retrofitting plan of residential buildings. This paper, starting from investigating the complex issues of existing residential buildings, summarises the contradictions between the requirements from residents and current retrofitting approaches. Then, to resolve the contradictions, hierarchical theories, such as Open Building and Shearing Layers, are introduced based on documentary analysis and case studies. And finally, a sustainable regenerative design approach is proposed to hierarchically control the qualitative and quantitative retrofitting of existing residential buildings. The findings of this research will extend and improve the role of occupants’ participation in the retrofitting of residential buildings. It can also provide methods for the achievement of the long-term effectiveness and environmental sustainability....
摘要:With the economic and social development, the public’s demand for public health services has increased in China, and the functions of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention have also been transformed. While most Centers for Disease Control and Prevention currently have some degree of reform in their staffing and distribution systems, there have been few changes in the appointment and selection of their staff. Through literature review, this article will demonstrate the importance of establishing the scientific and effective competency indicator system for grassroots public health practitioners, so as to provide reference for human resource management of district and county level CDC....
[期刊论文] Peng Cui Yi He
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2019年 10期
摘要:The phenomenon of Crowd intelligence among college student groups has formed a Crowd intelligence network of college student edition through the Internet. The problem of network public opinion of college emergencies in the Crowd intelligence network has gradually become a hot topic for scholars to study. In view of this, this paper analyzes the challenges and existing problems of the network robustness of colleges in the Crowd intelligence network facing the network public opinion of emergencies. With the help of the life cycle theory in crisis management, the dissemination law of network public opinion of emergencies in colleges is studied, the development life cycle of network public opinion on emergencies in colleges is constructed by gestation period, outbreak period, diffusion period, repetition period, extinction period and long style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;">- style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;">tail period, and corresponding solutions are proposed for each period....
[期刊论文] Huaqing Ren
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2019年 10期
摘要:In a new era of mass entrepreneurship and innovation, Yanjiang Street in Jiangbei new district of Nanjing city actively introduces private capital and jointly builds Dingmeng E-commerce Pioneer Park with enterprise style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;">s style="font-family:""> style="font-family:Verdana;">. style="font-family:Verdana;">The two sides respectively input government services and supporting resources, enterprise innovation and driving resources, to establish the first e-commerce pioneer park in the whole region, and gather social innovation forces and innovative talents, fully stimulate the entrepreneurship and innovation vitality of enterprises in the incubation base. style="font-family:""> style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;">In this process, both the government and enterprises gather strength and focus on the cultivation and reconstruction of excellent Internet brands. At present, this model has achieved good stage results and has been widely recognized by all sectors of society....
摘要:Regarding research targeting on athletes, many quantitative studies such as questionnaire item surveys have been performed, on the other hand, the qualitative research using a free description of athletes ha style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;">s style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;"> style="font-family:Verdana;"> been conducted less than the former. In this study, this Cluster analysis is used to analyze the data of free description of university student athletes, and to clarify the characteristics of tendencies of university student athletes to recognize and to deal with the difficult events. Using Cluster analysis, tendencies for difficult events between regular and non-regular players were studied. As a result, compared to non-regular players, regular players were more aware of the importance of injuries and were more aware of the importance of dealing with injuries with physical therapies and treatment....
摘要:In an effort to examine the fairness of academic job postings, advertisement sources (e.g., APA Monitor on Psychology, Higher Education Jobs, Indeed, the Chronicle of Higher Education) for academic positions (e.g., assistant professor, chairs, deans, presidents) were reviewed to identify examples of the “required” and “preferred” qualifications associated with particular academic positions. “Required” qualifications are generally defined as being inherent to the performance of the job (e.g., a doctoral degree) and are under the control of the applicant. This article argues that “preferred” qualifications are under the control of the institution advertising the academic position and that, in some cases, they should not be emphasized because they are unnecessary, unconnected to the environmental context or to the nature of the job, discriminatory, and invented. In addition, there are also scenarios where a given preferred qualification would be critical to performing the job, and would in fact be a required qualification for that job. This article describes these types of qualifications in more detail and provides real world examples of their use in academic job listings....
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