Objective To explore the rationality of clinical blood transfusion since the Ministry of Health enacted the The Technical Criterion of Clinic Blood Transfusion' in 2000. Methods Retrieved the literatures on the appraisal of rationality of clinic blood transfusion published in core journal between 2000 and 2010, and analyzed the rationality of clinical blood transfusion in recent 10 years. Results In 35 literatures entered, the proportion of appropriate blood transfusion of platelet was the highest compaved with the lowest proportion of plasma. the proportion of appropriate blood transfusion in operational department is higher than that in non-operational department. The primary reason of inappropriate blood transfusion is transfusion without indications. Conclusion The proportion of appropriate blood transfusion in china is low. The government should enhance the regulation of blood usage,and the public should he educated to realize the importarce of appropriote blood transfusion in order to promote it to develop healthily.