Objective To compare the risk factor of chilldren with autism and ordinary children during perinatal period. Methods One hundred and fourty children with autism and 82 ordinary children were reviewed by self-written general circumstance questionnaire and risk factor questionnaire. Results Viral influenza during pregnancy (x2 =15.29) ,bom suffocate( x2 =6. 04) , premature delivery (x2 =6. 48) , dystocia (x2 =2. 83) and artificial feeding ( x2 = 6. 02 ) were risk factors for children autism (P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion Childeren autism is associated with risk factors in rinatal period. Early dectecion and early prevention and treatment may improve the outcome.