Marked by the promulgation of the election Law of National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China and local People’s Congress at all levels in 1953, New China’s electoral system was established. Studying New China’s first nationwide general election campaign will contribute enormously to our understanding of this system. The election law of 1953 gave special treatment to ethnic minorities’ privileges to vote and stipulated the CCP’ rights of nominating candidates for election jointly with the democratic parties and electors or representatives, and it also provided the operating procedures and stages of election, such as division of congressional district, registration of electors, recommending candidates for deputies, casting and counting the electronic ballots. These provisions were basically acknowledged by the Constitution of 1954 and nearly all of them have been being used till now. For the establishment and development of new China’s electoral system, the formation and implementation of 1953 election law brought about rudimentary historic experiences, which afforded much significance for our present-day election practice, especially for our whole country’s democratic construction at the grass-roots level.