Fanconi anemia(FA)is a rare recessive hereditary disease characterized clinically by congenital defects, progressive bone-marrow failure, and cancer predisposition. Cells from FA patients exhibit hypersensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents, such as mitomycin C(MMC).To date, at least 12 FA genes have been found deleted or mutated in FA cells, and 10 FA gene products form a core complex involved in FA／BRCA2 DNA repair pathway-FA pathway. The ubiquitin E3 ligase FANCL, an important factor of FA core complex, co-functions with a new ubiquitin conjugating enzyme UBE2T to catalyze the monoubiquitination of FANCD2.FANCD2-Ub binds BRCA2 to form a new complex located in chromatin foci and then take part in DNA repair process. The deubiquitylating enzyme USP1 removes the mono-ubiquitin from FANCD2-Ub following completion of the repair process, then restores the blocked cell cycle to normal order by shutting off the FA pathway. In a word, the FANCD2 activity adjusted exquisitely by ubiquitination and/or deubiquitination in vivo may co-regulate the FA pathway involving in variant DNA repair pathway.