Objective To understand the development of psychosocial adaptation and life quality of patients with visual impairment, as well as their relationship. Methods Researches about impact of psychosocial adaptation on life quality of patients with visual impairment underwent document retrieval and the results went through analysis. Results Cataract, glaucoma, retinal detachment, diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration caused different degree of visual impairment, furthermore influence physical, psychosocial adaptation and life quality of these patients. Some scales were compiled by some scholars at home and abroad to evaluate the influence degree of these factors, but tools to test psychosocial adaptation lacked. Conclusions Researches on quality of life for a single eye impairment are more than those on the relationship between psychosocial adaptation and quality of life. At the same time, it is necessary to develop a tool to measure psychosocial adaptation of visual function impairment.