Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (PBPV)in the treatment of the children with pulmonary stenosis (PS),and to observe the long - term prognosis and analyze the influencing factors. Methods The total of 230 children were collected,who had been diagnosed with pul-monary valve stenosis and had undergone percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty between November 1987 and November 2015 in Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University. Their ages ranged from 4 months to 17 years,and the follow - up duration lasted from 1 month to 29 years. The data included clinical data and long - term follow - up data of hospitalized children,and the echocardiography data from the healthy peers in the same period. Then the data were analyzed statistically. Results In this study,228 cases of children were successfully performed PBPV, and the success rate was 99％(228 / 230 cases). The pulmonary transvalvular gradient (△P)of preoperation,24 hours postoperatively,half a year postoperatively,2 years postoperatively,5 years postoperatively,and 10 years postope-ratively was (63. 5 ± 23. 8)mmHg (1 mmHg = 0. 133 kPa),(26. 2 ± 11. 1)mmHg,(24. 8 ± 9. 8)mmHg,(20. 9 ± 8. 9)mmHg,(18. 1 ± 8. 7)mmHg,(15. 3 ± 7. 3)mmHg and (15. 3 ± 7. 3)mmHg,respectively. The immediate post-operative △P was significantly lower than that of preoperation (P < 0. 01),and the △P of the most children decreased in the long - term follow - up. The results of Logistic regression analysis showed that valve dysplasia with right ventricu-lar outflow tract stenosis and the immediate postoperative residual transvalvular gradient degree were the risk factors for long term curative effect of PBPV in children who could not reach the best standard. The restenosis rate was 4. 6％(3 /65 cases)with children followed up for more than 10 years. The incidence of long - term follow - up pulmonary valve regurgitation (83％)was significantly higher than that before operation (58％)and short term (68％)after operation, and the degree of regurgitation also increased (P < 0. 05),while the degree of regurgitation of the tricuspid regurgitation decreased gradually during the follow - up (P < 0. 05);the right ventricular diastolic diameter of the patients at 10 years or more after the operation was measured as (19. 27 ± 3. 03)mm,which was significantly higher than that (15. 24 ± 2. 89)mm of the healthy children of at the same term healthy age (P < 0. 05). Conclusions The PBPV has a high success rate in the treatment of children with PS,and it has good medium - long - term curative effect,less com-plications and lower restenosis rate. Therefore,PBPV can be used as the first choice for PS. However,the incidence and degree of pulmonary regurgitation has an increasing trend after PBPV and the right ventricular diastolic diameter is still larger than that of the healthy children. Therefore,the long - term follow - up is necessary out of the hospital.