In this paper, the mathematical culture in mathematics textbooks is classified into history of mathematics, mathematics in life, mathematics in science and technology, mathematics in arts and humanities. The ways of using history of mathematics in textbooks include decoration, complementation, duplication, accommodation and reconstruction. The methods of using other aspects of mathematical culture in textbooks are external and internal. “Simple solid figures” of high school mathematics textbooks of China, Singapore, America and France are compared by above methods. It is found that contents and methods of using history of mathematics are similar among them, but other aspects of mathematics culture are different. Chinese textbooks and American textbooks pay more attention to mathematics in life. Singaporean textbooks and Chinese textbooks are short of mathematics in science and technology. More Importance is attached to mathematics in arts and humanities in French textbooks.