Species of the genus Tricholoma reported from China are reviewed with annotation on their current status and known distribution. A total of 91 names are included from an extensive literature search. Forty-three species and three varieties are recognised, together with two records listed only to genus level. Among the recognised taxa,32 were reported with both description and specimen citation. Thirty names have been transferred to other genera,and eight are synonyms of other species of Tricholoma , including T . striatum , a widely used name in the European literature. Three names are nomen dubium and two are misspelled. The combination of T. matsutake var.formosana is confirmed and its authorship corrected. Corrections of Latin names of some Tricholoma species are made,and specimen citation,morphology description and species identification are also discussed.