In the context of international division of labor and deepening of the global production value chain,the domestic trade value added statistics can settle the“double accounting”issue. From the perspec-tive of domestic trade value added,this paper proposes a new method to calculate the foreign trade dependence of China and India by the WIOD database. And then we decompose its influential factors by industrial struc-ture decomposition analysis. The result shows that from 1995 to 2009,the foreign trade dependence in China takes on a upward trend,while it declines after a rise in India. Both results of China and India are lower than that calculated by traditional formula. The Vax ratio effect is negative in China and India,which shows the in-creasing intensity of their participation in the global value chains. Both China and India have stimulated the foreign trade dependence by turning labor-intensive products to technology-intensive and capital-intensive prod-ucts respectively. Besides,the competitiveness of India's Internet and related services,software and IT serv-ices is stronger than China's.