An investigation on the concentrations and the spatial distribution characteristics of different species of mercury in the water body of Changshou Lake in Three Gorges Reservoir region was carried out based on the ArcGIS statistics module. The results showed that the concentration of the total mercury in Changshou Lake surface water ranged from 0. 50 to 3. 78 ng·L - 1 , with an average of 1. 51 ng·L - 1; the concentration of the total MeHg (methylmercury) ranged from 0. 10 to 0. 75 ng·L - 1 , with an average of 0. 23 ng·L - 1 . The nugget effect value of total mercury in surface water (50. 65% ), dissolved mercury (49. 80% ), particulate mercury (29. 94% ) and the activity mercury (26. 95% ) were moderate spatial autocorrelation. It indicated that the autocorrelation was impacted by the intrinsic properties of sediments (such as parent materials and rocks, geological mineral and terrain), and on the other hand it was also disturbed by the exogenous input factors (such as aquaculture, industrial activities, farming etc). The nugget effect value of dissolved methylmercury ( DMeHg) in Changshou lake surface water ( 3. 49% ) was less than 25% , showing significant strong spatial autocorrelation. The distribution was mainly controlled by environmental factors in water. The proportion of total MeHg in total Hg in Changshou Lake water reached 30% which was the maximum ratio of the total MeHg to total Hg in freshwater lakes and rivers. It implied that mercury was easily methylated in the environment of Changshou Lake.