New sugarcane varieties Guiliu 05136 (Liucheng05-136) was bred by Sugarcane Research Center of Liucheng County. It was a hybrid progeny of CP81-1254 as female parent and ROC22 as male parent. It was identified by the National Crop Variety Identification Committee (sugarcane) in April 2014 and was approved by the Guangxi Crop Variety Approval Committee in June 2014. Tests and production demonstrations showed that it has good agronomic traits such as vigorous growth, early maturity, high yield, high sugar content, excellent ratooning ability and strong adaptability etc. The comparison on 21 major agronomic traits between Guiliu 05316 and ROC22 revealed that 10 traits are better, 9 traits are equivalent with and 2 traits are somewhat worse compared with ROC22. In the 9th National Regional Experiment of Sugarcane Variety, it showed a yield increase of 0.87% and sucrose increase of 0.63% (absolute value). It is recommended that this variety be cultivated as competitive varieties or alternatives of ROC22 in central Guangxi or similar cane growing areas.