Since 1969, NAEP assessments have been conducted periodically in reading, mathematics, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, the arts, and other subjects. The inclusion of the arts in NAEP 2008 marked the fourth time the disciplines of music and visual arts have been assessed nationally. According to the framework of arts, understand the status of the current learning, what students know and can do in the arts. NAEP evaluation of the United States to encourage students to innovate, but also to do a clear and relatively standardized assessment of the subject, one of the purposes of evaluation is to induce students to express their creativity and creativity, but the assessment task to students also pointed out a clear direction. NAEP art evaluation pointed out that meaningful evaluation should be based on three indicators： ＂creation, performance and response＂, Based on the indicators, evaluation criteria and evaluation methods were developed .This is an important enlightenment to the quality monitoring of basic art education in China.